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TunisiaThe Use of Modern Biotechnology in Tunisia Regulatory Framework

Jan 01, 2021

Regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) started in the 1990s in the United States, and European Union (EU) adopted two different approaches for GMO regulations: one based on the substantial equivalence and the other on the precautionary approach and the right to know of the consumer. Other countries developed their regulations in between these two concepts. However, despite the underlying opposite approaches, both countries recognized some common aspects in GMO regulation that cover different aspects of the cultivation and commercialization of GM crops, such as approval, risk assessment, labeling, traceability, and coexistence; but also aspects related to the development of new GM crops, such as rules for laboratory and field trials and intellectual property rights (IPR) protection (Vigani and Olper, AgBioforum 18:4454, 2015).


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