IV. MANDATORY LABELLING REQUIREMENTS OF HEALTH SUPPLEMENTS
(i) General labelling requirements
The labelling of food supplements is regulated by article 15 of the Decision of the Head of National Agency of Food And Drug Control No. HK.00.05.23.3644/2004. But general food labelling may be of relevance as well: Regulation No. 69/1999 on Food Labels and Advertisements.
As a general requirement the information shall not be misleading.
Other relevant regulations include Regulation Number HK.03.1.23.06.10.5166: Inclusion of Information of Certain Materials of Origin, Content of Alcohol, and Expiration Date on the Label of Drug, Food Supplement, and Food.
The mandatory requirements are the following:
- Food supplement indication
- Name of the product
- Name and address of producer or importer
- Size, content, net weight
- Alcohol content
- Benefits, method of use and dosage of use
- Contraindication, side effects and warnings
- Circulation license number
- Batch number/production code
- Date of expiration
- Other information relating to safety or quality or origin of certain materials in accordance with the prevailing provisions
(ii) Language requirements
Article 15 (2) of Regulation No. 69/1999 requires the information to be provided in Indonesian, using Arabic numbers and Latin letters. Only in the case there is no equivalent, other signs may be used.
Domestic food supplements must use bahasa Indonesia in the marking, while imported food supplements must use bahasa Indonesia beside the original language (art. 16 Regulation HK.00.05.41.1381 on procedure of food supplement registration).
On the basis of Law No 8 of 1999 about Consumer Protection, article 8, paragraph (1) grain j, it is prohibited to not provide information and/or the directions of use in Indonesian.
(iii) Nutrition labelling
Nutrition labelling is mandatory for fortified foods and foods with claims under article 32 of Regulation No. 69/1999. It shall be accompanied by the statements that the food contains vitamins, minerals and or other kinds of nutrition supplemented.
See also Regulation HK.00.06.51.0475 on Guidelines on Nutrition Information Uses on Food Label.
The nutrients shall be displayed in the following order:
- total volume of energy, with specification based on amounts of energy which are derived from fat, protein and carbohydrate
- total volumes of fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, carbohydrate, fibber, sugar, protein, vitamins and mineral
In case of nutrition labelling on food packaging the following particulars also need to be included on the label:
- dose of use
- volume of doses per package;
- content of energy per dose of use;
- content of protein per dose (in gram);
- content of carbohydrate per dose (in gram);
- content of fat per dose (in gram);
- percentage and figures of nutrition adequacy number recommended [recommended daily intakes].
Nutrition statements are allowed as long as the amounts correspond to at least 10% of the daily recommended nutrition adequacy volume in a dose of the food. The statement that a food contains more of a certain nutrient than another food (comparative claim) is not allowed.
(iv) Halal labelling
Halal indication is not necessary for imported products. But substances from pork origin must be labelled that they contain pork as ´MENGANDUNG BABI´ in a box with a black font and white letters. This may be of importance for the following substances: gelatine, glycerine, enzyme, fat, collagen, colostrums, embryo extract, blood extract, hydrolized hemoglobin, keratin, hair extract, placenta, protein, thymus extract, thymus hydrolized, stomach extract, oil, shortening, thickener, emulsifier, stabilizer, l-systein, monoglyceride, diglyceride, or triglyceride.
The use of stickers is not allowed.