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Health Canada proposes to remove brominated vegetable oil from the List of Permitted Food Additives with Other Accepted Uses


May 20, 2024

Health Canada recently completed an updated safety assessment of brominated vegetable oil (BVO) taking into consideration new safety information that has recently become available.

Previous laboratory studies had reported adverse effects on certain organs, for example the liver, heart or thyroid, of animals orally given BVO, but these effects were seen at much higher doses than humans would get from beverages that contain BVO as a food additive.

A recent, well-conducted study US FDA in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) reported observations of adverse health effects in rats fed BVO in their diet at lower doses compared to doses given in previous animal studies.

The updated assessment did not identify an immediate health concern with the currently-permitted use of BVO as a food additive. However, Health Canada could not establish an acceptable daily intake (ADI) for BVO as a food additive based on the available safety data, and given that adverse effects previously observed at higher doses have now been seen at lower doses, Health Canada concluded that BVO should not continue to be permitted for use as a food additive.

Consequently, Health Canada proposes to remove BVO from the List of permitted food additives with other accepted uses.

For further information (in English), click on the Link

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