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USA - Narrative Review: The FDA’s Perfunctory Approach of Dietary Supplement Regulations Giving Rise to Copious Reports of Adverse Events


Mar 22, 2023

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) originated from the passage of the 1906 Pure Food and Drugs act aimed to rein in the long-standing abuse in the consumer product marketplace. The act was passed to prohibit interstate commerce of misbranded

and adulterated foods, drinks, drugs. Thus, promoting the FDA’s mission to protect the public health by regulating human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, food supply, cosmetics, and tobacco to ensure safety, efficacy, and security.

Progressing further in 1994, the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) was established designating specific label requirements, providing regulatory framework, and authorizing the FDA to promulgate good manufacturing practices for dietary supplements. This act defined and classified “dietary supplements” and “dietary ingredients” as food requiring all over the counter products (OTC) products to consist of labeling that is easy to understand and meets the FDA quality, effectiveness, and safety standards.

However, under the umbrella of OTC products, the FDA fell short in its regulation of the expansive dietary supplement market. The objective of this study is to discern how the lack of efficacy in the FDA's regulations of OTC dietary supplements inevitably inspired more harm than benefit.

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