A European Parliament document on the legal status of plant breeding techniques has been updated in order to reflect the outcome of the European Courtâs of Justice ruling clarifying the applicability of GMO rules to mutagenesis techniques.
The Briefing document covers the debate regarding the applicability of GMO rules to the results obtained by plant novel breeding techniques, such as the CRISPR-cas9. The document provides a summary of the relevant EU legislation as well as non-EU legal references together with an overview of important steps and documents which have been adopted by EU and national institutions in the past years regarding the topic.
In July 2018, there was the landmark case on the topic brought before the European Court of Justice (Case C-528/16, ConfÃ©dÃ©ration paysanne and Others v Premier Ministre and Ministre de lâagriculture, de lâagroalimentaire et de la forÃªt), whereby the Court held that organisms obtained by non-established mutagenesis techniques are covered under GMO rules. The decision triggered a backlash from a number of scientific organizations that current GMO rules severely constrain innovation in plant breeding. An overview of important position papers and statements has now been added to the European Parliament Brief on new plant breeding techniques.
European Parliament New plant-breeding techniques Applicability of EU GMO rules (updated 10 October 2019) - link