The purpose of this article is to examine some of the issues related to qualitative food safety within the framework of European Union legislation. The development of a multidimensional regulatory system at European level, which has necessarily included international sources, regulations and European Union laws, also relating to national and regional legislations, has rendered finding a balance between the legitimate interests of food producers and consumers problematic. In recent years, the ethical dimension of food has progressively developed, which has led to a greater attention to the way food is produced and consumed, while respecting health protection, food quality and European and international trade dynamics. On the consumer side, however, there has been a growing awareness of the possible risks linked to food and an attention to the issues of food safety. Such awareness is intensified by the use of certain technologies in the food sector.