FRANCE - AMENDMENTS CLASSIFY MUTAGENESIS TECHNIQUES THAT ARE SUBJECT TO GMO RULES
May 30, 2020
The French Environmental Code will be amended to further clarify what plant breeding techniques, and more specifically applications of mutagenesis, are to be considered out of GMO-scope. Following the ECJ landmark case ConfÃ©dÃ©ration paysanne (Case C-528/16), only organisms obtained by mutagenesis which have conventionally been used in a number of applications and have a long safety record are excluded from the scope of the GMO Directive 2001/18/EC. The French Code will therefore add that techniques which induce a genetical modification âwhich have been traditionally used without any noted drawbacks with regard to public health or the environmentâ and are specifically listed are excluded from the restrictions applicable to GMOs. This exemption specifically applies for ârandom mutagenesis, with the exception of in vitro random mutagenesis consisting in subjecting plant cells cultivated in vitro to chemical or physical mutagenic agentsâ.
TRIS notification (2020/280/F) - Decree amending the list of techniques for obtaining genetically modified organisms traditionally used without any noted drawbacks with regard to public health or the environment - link
Consequently, the amendment will restrict the use of crop varieties that in the past had wrongly been classified as exempted from GMO rules, as they have not been subjected to the stringent safety and authorization requirements as applicable to GMOs. To that purpose a list is adopted listing the varieties whose registration has been revoked due to their obtainment via an in vitro random mutagenesis technique.
TRIS notification (2020/281/F) - Order laying down the list of varieties mentioned in Article 2 of Decree [xx] - link