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Bangladesh - Legal Regime of Genetically Modified Food: Developing Country in The Context


Feb 20, 2023

Compared to industrialized countries, underdeveloped nations often have more potential advantages, risks, and regulatory constraints related to genetically modified food. Among Developing Countries, In Bangladesh, commercial cultivation of genetically modified (GM) crops for use as food and feed is poised to receive approval in Bangladesh. But it is apprehended that the absence of biosafety rules or applicability of guidelines on GM organisms may pose a threat to people, animals, and consequently the environment. Unfortunately, there are not any laws designed specifically for the biosafety of GM crops/foods yet. GM concerns were formerly covered by relevant legislation on agriculture, medicine, food, import, trade, environment, etc. The present environmental rules are disjointed and outdated, making it difficult to tackle environmental concerns and meet fundamental requirements under international environmental law. In Bangladesh, there is no differentiation between GM and non-GM crops, because rules of labeling law are not applied properly. But under the present consumer protection act, consumers have the right to choose their food thinking about health hazards. When compared to non-GM crops, GM crops' effects must be evaluated, we need to establish a baseline and no such research conducted to test the consumers who are the worst sufferer of GM crops. In this paper to better grasp Bangladesh's current situation, loopholes in several statutes were provided in a methodical manner. Through rigorous inspection of received evidence, what Bangladesh's logical and legal position might be has been deduced. Using this paradigm, we may be able to justify our position on GM crop environmental release.

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